In a constantly evolving industrial world, cobotics is emerging as a major technological revolution, redefining production and factory work standards. Cobotics, or collaborative robotics, marks the beginning of an era where men and machines collaborate closely, no longer in separate spaces but side by side, on the same tasks. This integration aims to combine the strengths of humans — their capacity for judgment, their intelligence, and their dexterity — with the precision, strength, and endurance of robots. The emergence of this technology is not only a response to the search for increased efficiency but also a way to rethink safety and ergonomics at work. Cobotics perfectly illustrates the transition to Industry 4.0 , where automation and artificial intelligence (AI) align with human skills to create more flexible, productive, and safe work environments.
Cobotics stands out for its ability to operate alongside humans without the need for safety cages or physical barriers, a feature that contrasts dramatically with traditional industrial robots. Cobots are designed to be intuitive, easily programmable, and capable of perceiving and adapting their behavior to keep their human colleagues safe. This human-robot interaction opens new ways to increase productivity while maintaining or even improving working conditions. The flexibility of cobots, able to be quickly reprogrammed for new tasks, makes them particularly valuable in sectors where customization and adaptability are key. Additionally, cobotics focuses on improving efficiency without sacrificing safety, through advanced technologies such as force sensing and proximity sensors that allow robots to stop or modulate their strength in the presence of humans.